Beautiful and remote, Tajikistan has much to offer to the mountaineer, the hiker, and the independent traveller in search of remote locations and unusual cultural experiences. There are opportunities for alpine mountaineering, rock climbing, hiking, horse or camel riding, historical exploration, cultural experiences or simply relaxing among dramatic mountains and lakes.
Most enticing for the mountaineer are the three giants of the Pamirs: Peak Somoni, Peak Lenin and Peak Korzhenevskaya. For alpine climbing, high level walking tours and lakeland scenery the Fann mountains, just across the border from Samarkand, are especially popular.
The populated valleys have a rich history. In former times, Tajikistan was at the crossroads of Asia and four major Silk Road routes passed through the Pamir and Fann mountains.
Tajikistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia that borders Afghanistan to the south, China to the east, Kyrgyzstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west and northwest. The ancient Silk Road passed through it.
The climate in Spring (March-May) and Autumn (September-November) is moderate. In the cities, daytime temperatures average around 20-30C. Spring is the most beautiful time of year. The hillsides are alive with blossom, before the scorching heat of summer.
Summer can be extremely hot in the cities, often exceeding 40C. The southern cities of Qurghonteppa and Kulob are noticeably hotter than Dushanbe.
Winter is usually mild, but expect some snowfall in the valleys between December and February. In the mountains, however, conditions are harsh and the higher mountain passes are closed.